Iran developing nuclear-capable missiles, European powers warn UN

Middle East
A woman walks past a Shahab-3 ballistic missile and launcher on a street in Tehran, Iran, during Defence Week (26 September 2019)Image copyright AFP
Image caption Iranian forces put a Shahab-3 missile on display in Tehran during Defence Week in September

Three European powers have warned the UN that Iran is developing nuclear-capable ballistic missiles in violation of a Security Council resolution.

A letter sent by the UK, France and Germany says Iran tested a Shahab-3 missile variant “equipped with a manoeuvrable re-entry vehicle” that could deliver a nuclear weapon.

Such activity is “inconsistent” with a resolution endorsing the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, it argues.

Iran has denied the allegation.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said the letter was a “desperate falsehood” put out by the European powers “to cover up their miserable incompetence in fulfilling bare minimum” of their obligations under the nuclear deal.

Security Council Resolution 2231 “calls upon” Iran not to “undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology”.

Iran has insisted that its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful and denied that its ballistic missile programme violates the resolution.

But the European letter says that video footage of a test posted on social media on 22 April showed the use of a Shahab-3 booster that was “a Missile Technology Control Regime Category-1 system”, according to the Associated Press.

As such, it was “technically capable of delivering a nuclear weapon”.

The Missile Technology Control Regime, which was established to address nuclear proliferation, says Category 1 systems are capable of delivering a payload weighing at least 500kg (1102lbs) a distance of at least 300km (186 miles).

AP said the letter also listed three other examples of Iranian activities that the UK, France and Germany considered to be “inconsistent” with resolution 2231:

Israel’s Foreign Minister Israel Katz welcomed the letter, and instructed Israeli diplomats to present a “complete list of Iranian violations of the nuclear agreement” at a Security Council meeting on 19 December that is expected to discuss Iran.

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